Promoting the fossil fuel industry and the jobs it will create will increase oil and gas production in Texas and reduce the number of jobs. Port Arthur is the end - of - line for the U.S. oil industry and many other industries.
The city, pushed against the Louisiana state border, is in the middle of its journey from the Gulf of Mexico to the Texas Gulf Coast. In the years immediately after World War II, the city was flooded with oil and gas wells from across Louisiana and East Texas. The air seemed to burn yellow, the smell of oil, gas, coal and other fossil fuels from these wells was in the air.
Port Arthur, which had been established a few years earlier as a shipping port and terminus of the railway line, suddenly became the center of an American oil boom. In the 1950s, five Port Arthur-area refineries employed thousands of workers, whose wages accounted for most of the money spent in Port Arthur stores. In 1909, it had become the second largest port on the Texas Gulf Coast after Corpus Christi, and in 1914 it housed the world's largest oil refinery, the Gulf of Mexico refineries.
What is now called Port Arthur originally comprises a number of different communities, founded at different times for different purposes. An early attempt to settle the area permanently was the community of Aurora, which was located on the west side of the river, north of what was then historic PortArthur.
Legal hurdles that Kountze raised delayed the project, but Port Arthur eventually became a port in March 1899, and in name only. In 1906 it became an official port of entry, and in 1908 the Sabine - Neches canal was extended and deepened from Beaumont across the Nechama River to Orange. The canal extension cut PortArthur off from Sabines Lake and was a boon that diminished the city's prospects as a tourist destination.
As a result of these back-to-back events, Port Arthur experienced an economic slump and a decline in visitor numbers from other parts of Texas.
In 1952, Port Arthur's white townspeople took away Washington's social housing and built apartments just behind the refinery fence. In March of that year, the PortArthur Housing Authority, which had razed Carver Terrace and moved residents to a new complex on the northern side of the city, further from the refineries, was finally approved.
It doesn't matter that the city of Port Arthur already had one of the highest unemployment rates in the state of Texas and the second highest in Texas. The port itself is able to cope efficiently with the demand for labour from the oil and gas industry, as well as the supply of food, water and electricity. While the average Texan earns about half of that, those who find work earn up to $30,000 a year, more than double the national average. And that's what the people of Port Arthur get in return: a regular income of about $1,500 a month.
Few people have heard of Port Arthur, but it is one of the state's largest cities, with a population of about 1.5 million people, according to census data.
Yet it is often seen as a separate community, a term used by environmental justice advocates to describe neighborhoods bordering dangerous facilities. When it comes to it, Port Arthur is a fence and line community; in fact, Sabine Pass has her own version of a "fence line" in her name.
The original records are in Port Neches, Texas, which is a few miles from Center, but Port Arthur has its own version of a "fence line" in the form of Nederland and Port Neches Groves. Both are owned and have their own history, and both have a long history of having had their fair share of problems with the books of Texas and Louisiana. Tyrrell has had some problems with the state and federal government. The Texas Department of Natural Resources (DNR) and Texas Park and Wildlife Department (TXWG) have also had problems in recent years, not only in Texas, but in all Louisiana books.
Visit the Gulf Coast Museum for more information about the history of Port Arthur, Texas and its port city history, or visit the museum's website.
If you are in the Holy Land and want to travel, do not worry, Port Arthur has several holy sites and a number of places where you can find inner peace, whether you are on pilgrimage to Jerusalem, the Temple Mount or the Golan Heights. Indeed, it is one of the most visited religious sites in the world, and thus a great destination for rejuvenating pilgrimages to Islam's holy sites.
If you are going, I recommend a visit to the website Visit Port Arthur, and a walk through this amazing place is one of the best PortArthur tours you can do.